Polyarthritis is the name given to any form of arthritis which affects more than 5 different body joints. There are 3 main forms of arthritis – osteoarthritis, septic & rheumatoid arthritis- and the term Polyarthritis can be applied to each. Because of the general nature of polyarthritis this condition is not limited to any particular gender and can happen at all ages.
Types of polyarthritis
This is a common form of polyarthritis that generally affects the fingers and backbone. Psoriatic arthritis involves symptoms like inflammation of tissues, affected joints and bones. This arthritis only affects people who are presently afflicted with psoriasis which is a very critical skin condition.
This forms polyarthritis affects the joints across the entire body. Apart from the pain associated with arthritis other symptoms frequently involve weight loss, lung damage, fatigue, vision issues, and coronary conditions.
Polyarthritis caused by alphavirus is called “alphavirus polyarthritis syndrome“. Alpha virus is transmitted via mosquito bites and causes encephalitis, fever and rashes. Dizziness and head ache can also occur along with extreme pain in the joints.
What is the difference between Polyarthritis and Oligoarthritis?
Oligoarthritis is a term used to describe the presence of arthritis in more than one but less than 5 joints at a time. Oligoarthritis is of 2 types – extended and persistent. Persistent implies that the disease is affecting more than 4 joints through the entire period of time while the extended affects more than 4 distinct joints after a period of six months.
Different Causes of Polyarthritis
The causes of polyarthritis vary across the commonest auto-immune disorders. This condition is very probable but not that common. Example of contagion that can cause polyarthritis is the Ross River pathogen, which mosquitoes carry within their bites. Another example is the Sindbis pathogen although in this case the symptoms are comparatively mild as compared to other forms of the disease.
Polyarthritis symptoms include swelling, and stiff joints accompanied with pain. There are some other symptoms too but the affected person may not suffer from all of them. As an example, people usually say that the joint motion becomes uncomfortable along with an inflamed feeling in the joint.
Treatment for polyarthritis depends on the exact symptoms, although this is centered towards reducing the pain instead of curing the disease from its root. Some individuals find that sleeping on a hard mattress can help in healing polyarthritis. Physiotherapy and pain killers are commonly used to subdue the pain.
In a few cases, lifestyle needs to be changed so as to treat the condition. For example, a few individuals with this disease could be asked to lose weight as it helps in reducing the amount of stress placed on the joints. Taking supplements like glucosamine is also commonly prescribed as it can be effective in treating certain kinds of arthritis. Treatment varies from one patient to another based on the symptoms.
Weight management is important for controlling the condition of polyarthritis
One has to drop a lot of weight if Polyarthritis is coupled with conditions like obesity. Unwanted weight puts additional stress on the joints. One should eat nutrient-rich food while limiting the calorie consumption. The lesser calories you consume the better it is. Also cut down on food items which are packed with fat, sugar, cholesterol etc. Maintain a diet chart to record your regular intake.